What Field Is Landscaping? (Explained)

Landscaping is a broad term that covers many disciplines. Some landscapers focus on design and horticulture, while others are involved in construction and irrigation. 

There’s also a big difference between working with ornamental plants and with food crops like fruits and vegetables. 

No matter what area you choose to specialize in when it comes to landscaping, there are many opportunities available for people who love gardens and nature.

Occupational Video – Landscape Gardener
Key Takeaways
Landscaping is the process of designing and maintaining outdoor spaces.
It is important for both the aesthetics and overall health of a property.
Landscaping involves a wide range of tasks, including hardscaping and garden maintenance.
Professional landscapers can handle complex design projects.
DIY landscaping projects are possible with the right tools and knowledge.

Landscape Architecture

Landscape architecture is the art and science of planning and designing outdoor spaces, including gardens, parks, streets, and other public areas. Landscape architects are trained in the principles of design, ecology, construction, and maintenance.

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Groundskeeping is the maintenance of outdoor spaces, such as sports fields, parks, and gardens. 

Groundskeepers are responsible for keeping the grounds clean and safe for visitors to enjoy. They may also be responsible for watering trees and maintaining ornamental plants in public areas.

In order to become a groundskeeper you will need to have either a degree in horticulture or be willing to take on-the-job training from your employer or one of their contractors. 

The pay is typically low but steady throughout an entire career because there are so few openings available at any given time due to the nature of this job description – it’s hard work!

Groundskeeping Maintenance Checklist

WeedingAs needed
Pruning/TrimmingAs needed
IrrigationAs needed
Pest ControlAs needed
Trash PickupDaily

This table provides a checklist of common tasks that need to be performed for groundskeeping maintenance, including their frequency.


Horticulture is the science of plant cultivation. It is a broad term that includes all aspects of the cultivation of plants, including growing, harvesting and selling them. 

The word horticulture may also be used to refer to agriculture (the production of food and livestock), as in this example: “Horticulture is a branch of agriculture.”

Designing your dream yard requires time and effort, but building a landscape from scratch can be an incredibly rewarding process. If you’re looking to start your yard’s groundwork, check out our article on how to build landscaping from scratch for useful tips and advice.

Urban Forestry

Urban forestry is the practice of planting, caring for and managing trees in urban areas. Urban forests provide many benefits to people and wildlife, including cleaner air and water, increased energy efficiency from shade trees that reduce the need for mechanical cooling systems, habitat for birds and other wildlife, reduced stormwater runoff by providing rain gardens, green roofs or bioswales (shallow channels) near buildings to filter out pollutants before they reach lakes or rivers.

Urban forestry is an important part of green infrastructure because it improves urban habitats through environmental restoration projects such as reforestation efforts along riparian areas (areas next to streams or rivers), restoring wetlands with native plants on former agricultural lands converted into housing developments or restoring prairie grasslands with native plants where strip malls were once located. 

Planting Design

Planting design is the most important part of your landscaping project, as it determines how your finished space will look and feel. 

The plant selection process comprises several steps: choosing plants that are appropriate for the location; determining the right quantity of each species; laying out an initial design plan on paper; creating a more detailed planting layout using computer software such as Landscape Pro or AutoCAD; then finally carrying out the actual work of planting.

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Turf Management

As you might have guessed, this is the practice of growing and maintaining turfgrass. It’s used in golf courses, sports fields, parks and lawns.

Turf management requires a lot of knowledge about soil, water and fertilizers. When you’re working with turfgrass on a daily basis you’ll need to know how to diagnose problems like weeds or pests so that you can properly treat them while also making sure they don’t come back after treatment.

Turf Management Plan

MayIrrigation check
JuneMowing and edging
JulyInsect and weed control
AugustFungus prevention
SeptemberTopdressing and seeding
OctoberMowing and overseeding
NovemberWinter preparation
DecemberMowing and winter watering

This table represents a typical turf management plan with important tasks for each month. It includes activities like aerating, fertilizing, irrigation check, mowing, insect and weed control, fungus prevention, topdressing, seeding, overseeding, winter preparation, and winter watering.


Arboriculture is the management and care of trees. It includes planting, fertilization, pruning, pest control, and other practices that promote healthy tree growth. Arborists are trained in identifying and treating a variety of diseases found in trees including those caused by fungi or insects. 

They also help homeowners maintain the aesthetic value of their property by pruning or removing unhealthy branches or roots that could cause structural damage to buildings or structures near the tree.

Choosing the right flooring material for your outdoor area is crucial for both aesthetics and functionality. If you’re looking for some affordable flooring options for your yard, check out our article on finding cheap hardwood flooring for some recommendations.

Irrigation Management

Irrigation management is a specialized field of landscape architecture. The irrigation manager designs, installs, operates and maintains irrigation systems. 

This can include anything from low-tech to high-tech methods that use water pressure to distribute water across the landscape.

Irrigation can be valuable in many ways: it improves plant growth and health; it saves time spent watering plants by hand; it saves money due to reduced need for fertilizer or pesticide applications; and it allows you to create an attractive appearance with little effort on your part (no more hoses dragging around).

Ecosystem Restoration and Management

If you’re considering a career in landscape restoration and/or management, there are two main things to know about the field. 

First, it’s growing quickly. Second, the job market is competitive at this time. In recent years, the number of jobs for natural resource managers has increased by 21% between 2006 and 2016 according to the BLS (the Bureau of Labor Statistics). The BLS also predicts that it will grow by another 8% through 2024.

An ecosystem refers to an ecological community of living organisms interacting with one another and their physical environment. 

Restoring an ecosystem means returning key components back into balance so they can function as they once did before being disrupted by human activity or climate change. 

For example: restoring wetlands that had been drained due to agriculture would help them become healthier by providing habitat for endangered species such as whooping cranes while filtering pollution from farm runoff water before returning it downstream where people live downstream from these areas might suffer health problems if these wetlands weren’t restored first!

Managing ecosystems means managing all aspects of those systems including their natural resources (plants, animals) as well as how people interact with them via activities like hunting or fishing.”

Installing landscaping edges is an essential process that helps to keep your garden organized and visually pleasing. If you’re looking for some guidance on how to do it by yourself, have a look at our article on installing landscaping edges for some useful tips and tricks.

Landscape Construction

So, what is landscaping? Landscaping is a versatile career that includes many different types of work. Landscape construction is one of these fields, and it involves building and maintaining landscapes.

Landscape construction workers use tools like shovels and lawn mowers to build landscapes such as gardens, parks, golf courses and playgrounds. They also need to be able to read plans or blueprints so they know what materials will be needed for each job.

Landscaping Is A Versatile Career

Landscaping is a versatile career. There are countless jobs in the landscaping industry, and each job requires different skills and training.

To begin with, landscapers can be found working at nurseries and greenhouses. Nursery workers grow plants for sale to consumers and for use by other landscapers. Greenhouse workers start new plant life from seeds or cuttings, grow food crops like tomatoes or peppers, and transplant them into the ground once they’re big enough to survive outside of the greenhouse.

Landscaping is also an option for those who love working with plants but don’t want to spend their days constantly on their feet outdoors (or in freezing temperatures). 

Maintenance technicians perform indoor tasks such as planting new flowers inside homes or building new gardens for homeowners who have small properties but lots of grassy space they’d like to fill with beautiful flowers or artful sculptures.


Landscaping is a very versatile and rewarding career. It offers many different opportunities for people with all kinds of backgrounds, from those who love plants to those who love math. You can be an artist or a scientist; you just have to find the right job for your skillset! 

One thing that all landscapers have in common is their passion for nature and creating beautiful places for people to enjoy being outside whether it’s in their own backyard or on public parkland throughout communities around the world.

Further Reading

Want to learn more about the field of landscaping? Check out these articles for additional information and resources:

Discover the Industry: What Do Landscape Professionals Do?: This website provides an overview of the landscaping industry and what landscape professionals do in their day-to-day work.

Landscaper Job Description: Indeed’s job description page for a landscaper gives you an overview of the skills and qualifications required for a job in this field.

What is a Landscaper?: Indeed Australia’s career advice section explains the role of a landscaper and the work they do.


What is Landscaping?

Landscaping is the process of designing and maintaining outdoor spaces, including gardens, lawns, and parks, to enhance their aesthetic and functional qualities.

What Are the Different Types of Landscaping?

There are several types of landscaping, including garden landscaping, landscape architecture, hardscaping, and xeriscaping (using drought-tolerant plants and landscaping design to conserve water).

What Services Do Landscaping Companies Offer?

Landscaping companies can provide a wide range of services, including lawn care, garden maintenance, tree trimming, landscape design, and installation of hardscapes like patios and retaining walls.

Why Is Landscaping Important?

Landscaping is essential for both the practical and visual benefits it provides. Well-designed and maintained outdoor spaces can increase a property’s value, improve air quality, reduce noise pollution, and enhance the overall aesthetic appeal of a property.

How Much Does Landscaping Usually Cost?

The cost of landscaping varies widely depending on the services required, the size of the outdoor space, and the location. On average, a professional landscaping project can cost anywhere from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars.